Periodontal Disease Treatment in Virginia Beach, Norfolk, & Hampton, VA
Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a progressive condition and the leading cause of tooth loss amongst adults in the developed world. Periodontal disease occurs when the toxins found in plaque begin to irritate or inflame the gum tissue. The resulting bacterial infection, often known as gingivitis, can eventually lead to the destruction of the gum tissue and underlying bone. If periodontal disease is not treated, it can also lead to loose teeth or tooth loss.
There are many common types of periodontal disease including aggressive, chronic, necrotizing periodontitis, and periodontitis associated with systemic diseases. Each of these types of periodontal disease has its own distinct characteristics and symptoms, and all require prompt treatment by a dentist to halt subsequent bone and tissue loss.
Research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease. Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Periodontal Scaling & Root Planing
The objective of scaling & root planning is to remove etiologic agents which cause inflammation to the gum tissue and surrounding bone. Common etiologic agents removed by this conventional periodontal therapy include dental plaque and tartar.
These non-surgical procedures, which completely cleanse the periodontium, work very effectively for individuals suffering from gingivitis (mild gum inflammation) and moderate to severe periodontal disease.
Pinhole grafting is a new, virtually pain free option to correct gum recession. Specially designed instruments are inserted through a small hole made by a needle to gently loosen the gum tissue and placed over the receded part of the tooth. Since there is no cutting or stitching, patients can expect minimal pain, swelling, and bleeding.