Stages of Gum Disease in Virginia Bay

Protecting Your Smile: Early Intervention for Bleeding Gums and Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a progressive condition that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications when left untreated. Gum disease develops in stages, starting with gingivitis and progressing to periodontitis.

Using fluoride toothpaste is crucial in maintaining good oral hygiene and preventing gum disease.

Understanding the stages of periodontal disease and its symptoms is essential for early detection and effective treatment. To schedule an appointment, contact our dentist in Virginia today.

What Is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, affects the gums and surrounding tissues of the teeth. It’s caused by bacterial buildup and plaque on the teeth, which can lead to inflammation, swelling, and infection. If left untreated, gum disease can cause damage to the teeth and gums, leading to tooth loss and other health complications.

Periodontal disease progression is influenced by various factors, including: 

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Hormonal changes
  • Certain medications
  • Systemic diseases like diabetes

Regular dental checkups and professional cleanings are crucial to detect and treat gum disease at its early stages.

Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease is typically divided into three stages: 

  1. Gingivitis
  2. Periodontitis
  3. Advanced Periodontitis

Each stage of periodontal disease requires different levels of treatment. It’s important to address the condition as early as possible to prevent further damage.


Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and is characterized by inflammation and swelling of the gums. Symptoms of gingivitis include redness, bleeding, and tenderness of the gums. Dr. Foleck can treat gingivitis through dental cleanings and by encouraging patients to maintain good oral hygiene habits at home.


Periodontitis is the second stage of periodontal disease and occurs when inflammation and infection spread from the gums to the surrounding tissues and bone. Symptoms of periodontitis include receding gums, deep pockets between the teeth and gums, and bone loss. Treatment for periodontitis may include scaling and root planing, antibiotics, and surgery.

Advanced Periodontitis

Advanced periodontitis is the most severe stage of gum disease and occurs when the infection has spread deep into the tissues and bone. Symptoms of advanced periodontitis include severe bone loss, tooth loss, and gum recession. Treatment for advanced periodontitis may include gum grafting, bone grafting, and tooth extraction.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

While it’s possible to have periodontal disease and not be aware, there are certain symptoms you may experience:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Red, tender, swollen gums
  • Gums that have pulled away from your teeth, also known as gum recession
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Separating or loose teeth
  • Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Any change in the fit of partial dentures

Contact our Virginia Bay dentist for an appointment if you’re experiencing any symptoms of gum disease. By catching the disease early on, you’ll avoid the development of permanent complications, such as tooth loss.

Periodontal Disease Treatment Options

There are various periodontal disease treatment options available. Those may include:

  • Professional Dental Cleanings: Professional dental cleanings are a simple and effective way to remove plaque buildup and bacteria from the teeth and gums. During professional teeth cleanings, a dental hygienist will use specialized tools to remove buildup from the teeth and gums, leaving them clean and healthy.
  • Scaling and Root Planing: Scaling and root planing is a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and bacteria from below the gum line. This procedure is typically used to treat periodontitis and can help prevent further damage to the teeth and gums.
  • Laser Periodontal Therapy: Laser periodontal therapy is a minimally invasive treatment option for periodontal disease that utilizes laser technology to remove infected tissue and promote healing. This treatment can be an effective alternative to traditional gum surgery, with less pain, swelling, and downtime.
  • Bone and Gum Grafting: Bone and gum grafting restores lost bone and gum tissue due to advanced gum disease or tooth loss. During the procedure, grafts of bone or tissue are taken from other areas of the mouth or a donor source and transplanted to the affected area to promote new tissue growth.
  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics can help kill the bacteria that cause gum disease and reduce inflammation and infection.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat advanced gum disease. Surgery options may include gum grafting, bone grafting, or tooth extraction.

Call our Virginia Bay dental practice today to learn more about treatment options and learn how you can prevent gum disease.

Costs of Gum Disease Treatment

When it comes to treating gum disease, costs can range between $1,700 to $8,000, depending on the stage of the disease. The more severe the gum disease, the more expensive treatment is likely to become. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Are You at Risk for Gum Disease? Understand the Risk Factors and Schedule a Consultation!

If you’re experiencing symptoms of gum disease or want to learn more about how to prevent it, schedule an appointment with our Virginia Bay dentist today. Don’t let gum disease go untreated and risk the potential for serious health complications. 

Contact us to schedule your appointment and take the first step toward achieving optimal oral health.

To schedule an appointment, contact us today. We look forward to helping you achieve a healthy, beautiful smile!